Sexual Exploitation Laws

Civil and Criminal Codes Listed/Searchable by State

These online listings of State and Federal Criminal and Civil Codes are searchable. Try searching for topics such as “sexual exploitation” or “sexual assault” or “sexual harassment.” Legal Research Page

United States Code

U.S. House of Representatives, Office of Law Revision Counsel

State Criminal Codes

Cornell University

Federal Rules of Civil Procedures

WashLaw WEB

Washburn University School of Law 

Federal Law United States Code, Title 42, Chapter 117 – Public Health and Welfare – Encouraging Good Faith Professional Review Activities

Setting the Boundaries UK Home Office Report


Therapist/Client sexual relationships have been criminalized in these States:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • New Hampshire
  • New Mexico
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

Watch the following video to see which States criminalize therapist/client sexual exploitation but DO NOT require criminal background checks:

Examples of State Laws Concerning Sexual Exploitation/Assault Offenses

These are only a small sampling of the laws pertaining to sexual offenses in some of the states (in the USA). Other laws may apply, in addition to sexual exploitation/assault laws (civil and criminal). Consult a lawyer or an appropriate agency in your state for more information about your state’s laws.

Alaska Statutes, Title 11. Criminal Law, Chapter 41. Offenses Against the Person Article 4. Sexual Offenses, Section 420. Sexual Assault in the Second Degree

Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 13 – Criminal Code 13-1418. Sexual misconduct; behavioral health professionals

California Business and Professions Code, Chapter 13. Marriage, Family and Child Counselors, 4982. Unprofessional Conduct

Colorado 13-25-131. Civil actions – sexual assault – certain evidence presumed irrelevant

Colorado 18-3-404. Unlawful sexual contact

Colorado 18-3-405.5. Sexual assault on a client by a psychotherapist

Colorado18-3-405.3. Sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust

Connecticut General Statutes, Revised to 1997 Title-53a – Penal Code, 3a-73a. Sexual assault in the fourth degree

Florida 1997 Statutes, 794.011 Sexual Battery

Georgia Sexual Offenses

Illinois 740 ILCS 140 Sexual Exploitation in Psychotherapy, Professional Health Services, and Professional Mental Health Services Act

Indiana Codes Title 35, Article 42, Chapter 4 – Sex Crimes

Iowa Code 1997, Chapter 709 Section 15 Sexual exploitation by a counselor or therapist

Iowa Code 709.3 Sexual Abuse in the Second Degree

Iowa Code 709.15 Sexual Exploitation By a Counselor, Therapist or School Employee

Kansas Statute # 21-3520, Chapter 21.–Crimes and Punishments, Article 35.–Sex Offenses, Unlawful sexual relations

Kansas Statute # 21-3502, Chapter 21.–Crimes and Punishments, Article 35.–Sex Offenses, Rape

Maryland House Bill 33 Criminal Law – Professional Counselors and Therapists Conduct (Lynette’s Law)

Michigan House Bill 4525 (As Introduced) Sexual Contact Between Mental Health Professionals and Their Patients, and Members of the Clergy and Their Flock

Minnesota Statute Chapter 148A.02, Cause of Action for Sexual Exploitation, Psychotherapists

New Hampshire Criminal Code, Chapter 632-A:3 Felonious Sexual Assault

Ohio Title 29, Section 2907.02 Rape

Ohio Title 29, Section 2907.03 Sexual Battery

Ohio Title 29, Section 2907.05 Gross Sexual Imposition

Ohio Title 29, Section 2907.06 Sexual Imposition

Ohio Title 47, Section 4757.11 Counselor and social worker board shall establish a code of ethical practice…

Tennessee Code, Title 29 Remedies and Special Proceedings

Tennessee Chapter 26 Medical Malpractice Part 2– Therapist Sexual Misconduct Victims Compensation Act

Texas Administrative Code, Title 22 Examining Boards Part 21 Texas State Board of Examiners of Psychologists Chapter 465 Rules of Practice

Texas Administrative Code, Title 22 Examining Boards Part 21 Texas State Board Of Examiners Of Psychologists Chapter 469 Complaints And Enforcement

Texas Administrative Code, Title 22 Examining Boards Part 36 Chapter 810 Council On Sex Offender Treatment

Texas Administrative Code, Title 22 Examining Boards Part 35 Chapter 801 Texas State Board Of Examiners Of Marriage And Family Therapists

Texas Penal Code Title 5 Offenses Against the Person Chapter 22 Assaultive Offenses

Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code, Chapter 81 — Sexual Exploitation by Mental Health Services Provider

Utah Code Section 76-5-406 Sexual offenses

Utah R495 Human Services, Administration code, R495-876. Provider Code of Conduct

Virginia Code 18.2-61 Rape

Virginia Code 18.2-67.4 Sexual Battery

Wyoming, Title 6, Crimes and Offenses, Article 3 Sexual Assault

*Note: Information provided here does not represent legal advice. If you face a specific legal situation, you should conduct independent inquiries with legal professionals to determine what your legal rights are in your state or country.

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